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Nama Latin Rangka Manusia dan Fungsinya

11.       Tengkorak
a.       Os Frontal (Tulang Dahi)
ü  Untuk melindungi otak bagian depan
b.      Os Zygomatik (Tulang pipi)
ü  Untuk membentuk wajah
c.       Os Ethmoid
ü  Untuk melekatnya organ mata
d.      Os Parietal (Tulang ubun-ubun)
ü  Untuk melindungi otak dan mengatur suhu tubuh
e.      Os Temporal (Tulang Pelvis)
f.        Os Occipetal(Tulang kepala belakang)
ü  Melindungi otak bagian saraf mata
g.       Os Nasal (Tulang hidung)
ü  Untuk membentuk wajah
ü  Saluran pernafasan
h.      Os Maksila (Rahang atas)
ü  Untuk pelekatan gigi atas
ü  Membantu pengunyahan makanan
i.         Os Mandibula (Rahang bawah)
ü  Untuk pelekatan gigi bawah
ü  Membantu pengunyahan makanan
j.        Os Sphenoidae (tulang baji)
ü  Melindungi otak bagian samping (pendengaran)

22.       Rongga dada
a.       Os Costae Sporia (tulang rusuk palsu)
ü  Melindungi organ bagian dalam
b.      Os Costae Vera (tulang rusuk sejati)
ü  Melindungi organ bagian dalam
c.       Os Costae Fluctuantes (tulang rusuk melayang)
ü  Melindungi organ bagian dalam
d.      Os Sternum (tulang dada)
ü  Membentuk perisai pelindung bagi organ-organ penting yang terdapat di dada
e.      Os Manubrium Sterni (tulang hulu)
ü  Membentuk perisai pelindung bagi organ-organ penting yang terdapat di dada
f.        Os Procceseus Xyphoideus (tulang taju pedang)
ü  Bagian dari strenum yang berfungsi untuk tempat melekatnya bagian-bagian tulang rusuk
ü  Melindungi bagian dalam dada
g.       Os Corpus Sterni
ü  Bagian dari tulang dada, terdapat dibagian kiri dan kanan sebagai pelekatan tulang rusuk dan melindungi organ dalam

33.       Ruas tulang belakang
a.    Os Vertebrae Cericale (tulang belakang bagian leher)
ü Berjumlah 7 buah
ü Salah satu tempatnya terdapat sistem saraf
ü Penopang bagian kepala
b.    Os vertebrae Cericallis (tulang punggung)
ü Pembentuk sel darah merah dan putih
ü Penopang bagian tubuh
c.     Os vertebrae Lumballis (Tulang Panggul)
ü Penopang tubuh
d.    Os vertebrae cacrium (tulang kelangkang)
ü Sebagai tempat melekatnya pelvis
ü Melindungi bagian oencernaan, penopang tubuh saat duduk
e.    Os vertebrae caciqeus (tulang ekor)
ü Terdapat 4 ruas,
ü Sebagai penopang saat duduk


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Hamster (Report Text)

Hamster isone of the small mammals. They are belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae. Their bodies are notsmaller than our palm and the biggest hamster is like the rat on the road, depending onits type. Hasmter has a small tail, not asthe other rat usually. Hasmter has long incisor like rabbit.
Hamster belongs to nocturnal animal (active at night), so don’t wonder if they are only sleeping all day.Actually hasmter include toactive animal. So, if you want to take care of them, keep them in a wide cage. They are so cute and funny, so they can make everyone who see them  happy because of their attitudes.
Hamster can’t live extremely in hot weather, because it can make their fur become fall out. Keep the temperature of their cage and keep it clean by exchange the husk every week or once in three days.
Almost same as the rat, hamster belongs tooften-reproduce animal. If they have been aged less than 2 years,they are ready to reproduce. Hamster pregnancyis only fourteen days. The first pregnancy

Expression pain, relief, and pleasure


On the Sunday morning, Aulia, Nurul, Amar, and Panji were jogging in the park.

Aulia  : Hey guys, do you know Zulfa?
Nurul : Zulfa? The number one?
Aulia  : Yes, yesterday, I heard that Zulfa was sick and her parents took her to the hospital.
Amar : Really? I feel sorry for her.
Panji  : Me, too.

When Aulia was talking with her friends, unfortunately, her leg was twisted.

Aulia  : Ouch!! My leg!!
Panji  : What's happened?
Aulia  : My leg is twisted!!
Nurul : We must take a rest for a while.
Amar : Are you okay Aulia?
Aulia  : A little, but the pain is getting worse.
Panji  : Well, I will help you.
Aulia  : Thank you

After that, Panji massaged Aulia's leg.

Aulia  : Oh, that's a relief. It's very relaxing.
Nurul : Thanks God! by the way, do you want some drinks?
Aulia  : Great!
Nurul : Okay, I will buy some drinks for you guys. Wait a minute.
Aulia, Amar, Panji : Okay, thank you, Nurul!

-The End-